Speech therapy utilizes many interventions aimed at improving the listening, speaking, reading, writing and swallowing skills in adults and children.
A trained speech-language pathologist can provide evaluation and treatment, collaborate with other healthcare professionals, counsel families on treatment options, and be an advocate with insurance companies for reimbursement.
Children develop speech and language at varying rates. When a child's skills do not continue to grow, or the speech and language is hard to understand, they may have a speech or language delay or disorder.
Adults can acquire speech, language and swallowing disorders due to factors such as stroke, head injury, diseases that affect the brain (i.e., ALS, Parkinsons), breathing problems requiring a tracheotomy and/or ventilator, head or neck cancer, abuse/misuse of the vocal cords, and severe or long-term illness.
Issues Speech-Language Pathologists Address
- Aphasia (difficulty in speaking, reading or writing)
- Cognitive-communication disorders
- Dysarthria and Apraxia (weakness of the speech muscles)
- Dysphagia (difficulty swallowing)
- Voice disorders